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This chapter discusses which analytical techniques are most useful in the identification of minerals and the most common instruments available for determining mineral properties: Polarizing Light Microscope (PLM), X-ray Diffractometer (XRD), and a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) with a Scanning Energy-Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS). Once the mineral properties are identified or measured, a searchable mineral database is used to narrow the possible mineral species.
Topics covered in Chapter 19 include: The Process of Identification Our Mineral Database Other Databases Strategies New Minerals